Amir-e Kabir (R.A), a multidimensional personality

Posted: September 26, 2014 by kashmirsufis in Shahe Hamdan

khanqah-Shah-i-hamadan
The true lover finds the light only if, like the candle, he is his own fuel, consuming himself.
Mesmerized by the sonorous voice of the devotees reciting the verses of Awraad- ul-Fatehah,
Subhanaka Ma Abadnaka Haqa Ebadika
Subhanaka Ma Arafnaka Haqa Marifatiqa
Subhanaka Ma Zaraknaka Haqa Zikrika
Subhanaka Ma Shakarnaka Haqa Shurika……..
A gifted work of Amir-e-Kabir, Mir Ali Sa’ani (r.a) who is popularly known as Qutub-e-Zaman, Sheikh-e-Salikan-e-Jehan, Qutub-Ul-Aktab, Moih-Ul-Ambiya-o-Ul-Mursaleen, Afzal-Ul-Muhaq-e-qeen-o-Akmal-Ul-Mudaq-e-qeen, Al-Sheiyookh-Ul-Kamil, Akmal-Ul-Muhaqqiq-Ul-Hamadani but in Kashmir the great saint is prominently known as Shah-i-Hamdan. Regarding Amir-e- Kabir’s birth day, there are so many versions. It is 12, Rajab-Ul-Marjab 714 Hijri (12th October 1314) for some and to others is 12, Rajab 713 (12th October 1313).The former date appears more credible. He belonged to theKibroyabranch( the founder of this Order is Sheikh Najamud din Kubravi) of the Suharawardy Order and received the role of the spiritual heir from Sheikh Abul Miamin Najam- Ud- din Muhammad-bin-Mohammad Azani. Syed Ali Hamdani (r.a) was engaged in the spiritual training of his followers, he used to preach, counsel and train them according to Sharia for almost twenty years in his native land Khatlon.It is situated in the southwest of the country, between the Hisor (Gissar) Rangein the north and the Panj Riverin the south and borders on Afghanistanin the southeast and on Uzbekistanin the west. During Soviet times Khatlon was divided into Kurgan-Tyube (Qurghonteppa) Oblast(Western Khatlon) – with the Kofarnihonand Vakhshriver valleys – and Kulob Oblast(Eastern Khatlon) – with the Kyzylsu and Yakhsuriver valleys.Shah Hamadan was a Multi-dimensional personality. He was a social reformer and a religious scholar besides a warrior. He quarreled with Amir-e-Temur and with seven hundred Syeds reached to Kashmir, during the reign of King Shahab-Uddin.His two followers namely Syed Taj Uddin Samnani and Mir Syed Hasan Samnani were deputed to stock of the situation in Kashmir. The ruler of Kashmir became the follower of Mir Syed Hasan Samnani and because of the Kings concurrence he entered Kashmir with a large following. He visited first during the reign of Sultan Shahab Uddin in 774 Hijri, in 781 Hijri, he visitedsecond time during the period in office of Qutub Uddin. His thirdvisit was in 785 Hijri.
His room where he stayed for the first time is named as Khanqah-e-Mualla rose by Sultan Sikandar from 1394 to 1417 AD. The building is a beautiful model of wooden architecture of Kashmir, with engravings on walls. The Khanqah is blessed with the sacred relics include the Prophet’s(SAW) flag, the pillar of the Prophet’s(SAW)tent, and Shah Hamadan’s walking stick. During his life the place acquired the distinction of being the center of the spiritual light. The shrine stands on the bank of the river Jehlem . It was originally built in 1395 A.D to memorialize the visit of Mir Sayyid Ali Hammadani, it was destroyed by fire in 1479 and 1731 A.D. It was rebuilt by Abdul Barkat Khan in 1732 A.D. and since then stands as a landmark in the city. The walls are entirely covered with wooden panels of geometrical design and ceiling is supported in the centre by four wooden columns ornamented with wooden pieces in fish-bone pattern .The shrine is a mix of Nepali (exterior architecture – roof) and local Kashmiri art (green paper mache) on the shrine’s wall.
It is said that Shah Hamadan bequeathed his son Mir Muhammad Hamdani (r.a) that he would continue the mission and not leaves Kashmir. He also gave two letters to Maulana Sirahi with the instructions to hand them over to Khawaja Ishaq Khatlani and Noor Uddin Jafar Badakhshi after his death. These two holy men went to see Mir Muhammad Hamdani to console him on his father’s death that demanded the two documents from them. Khawaja Khatlani handed him over the will but kept the document of the heir apparent with the remark that he would do so only when he proved himself capable of it. This transformed him internally, spent three years with the Khawaja Sahib, and later learnt intrinsic conduct from Noor Uddin Jafar Badakhshi. Having been qualified for the post, he succeeded to the seat of his father.
Shah Hamadan’s greatest contribution according to Daira-e-Maarif-e-Islam was the character building of the people to liberate them from the fear of the new system and their love for the older one. He imbibed true awakening and taught the Shairah. Orders of the Shairah were made popular and people were inspired to learn more about Islam. For purpose of building the character of the Muslims he practiced truthfulness and fearlessness.Syed Ali Hamdani (r.a) among his followers like :Noor Uddin Jafar Rustaq Bazari Badakhshi, Khawaja Ishaq Khatlani, Sheikh Qiwam Uddin Badakhshi, Mir Syed Husain Samnani, Mir Rukn Uddin, Syed Fakhar Uddin, Qutub-e-Amjad Syed Muhammad Qureshi, Syed Ahmad Qureshi, Syed Muhammad Aziz Ullah, Syed Muhammad murid, and Pir Muhammad Qadri was regarded and treated with enormous admiration.
Among scholarsMir Syed (r.a) is not only popular in terms of his mysticism but his scholastic works like: Risalah Nooriyah, Risalah Maktubaat, contains Amir-i-Kabir’s letter, Dur Mu’rifati Surat wa Sirat-i-Insaan, discusses the bodily and moral features of man, Dur Haqaa’iki Tawbah, deals with the real nature of penitence, Hallil Nususi allal Fusus, is a commentary on Ibn-ul-‘Arabi’s Fusus-ul-Hikam, Sharhi Qasidah Khamriyah Faridhiyah, is a commentary on the wine-qasidah of ‘Umar ibn ul-Fariz who died in 786 A.H, Risalatul Istalahaat, is a treatise on Sufic terms and expressions, ‘ilmul Qiyafahor Risalah-i qiyafah is an essay on physiognomy. Dah Qa’idahgives ten rules of contemplative life, Kitabul Mawdah Fil Qurba, puts together traditions on affection among relatives, Kitabus Sab’ina Fi Fadha’il Amiril Mu’minin, gives the seventy virtues of Hazrat ‘Ali. Arba’ina Amiriyah, is forty traditions on man’s future life, Rawdhtul Firdaws, is an extract of a larger work entitled, Firdawsul Akhyaar, by Shuja-ud-Din Shiruyah, Manazilu Insaaliqin, is on Sufi-ism, Awraad-ul-Fatehah, gives a conception of the unity of God and His attributes, Chehl Asraar (Forty Secrets), is a collection of forty poems in praise of Allah and The Prophet (SAW),Zakhirat-ul-Muluk, a treatise on political ethics and the rules of good government.
On return from his third visit to Kashmir he reached Kinar via Pikhanli , he fell ill there and died after five days on 6, Zil Haj 786 Hijri.

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Comments
  1. Muhammad Saleem says:

    Superb……

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