Sheikh Syed Mir Mohammad Mirak Andrabi rehmatullahe alayhe

Posted: November 28, 2014 by kashmirsufis in AWLIYAE KASHMIR

Shayakh Syed Mir Mohammad Mirak Andrabi'( 921-990 A.H.)is the fifth generation of Sadaat-Andrabia in the valley of Kashmir. His ancestorsSyed Ahmad Andrabi(who was great grand father of Syed Mirak Andrabi)had migrated from Andarab,( a valley located in the southern part of Baghlan provincein the northeastern Afghanistan)along with 700 syed’s withMir Sayyid Ali Hamadaniin ‘781 A.H = 1379 C.E.'(in Reign of Sultan Qutbuddin) for the spread of Islam. After Mir Sayyid Ali Hamadaniwent back, most of them lived in the valley including Syed Ahmad Andrabi. Syed Ahmad Andrabi died in (804 A.H. = 1402 C.E.). The ruler of that time, Sultan Sikander built aKhankah&Madrasaat Malaratta (Mala Iraqi Hatta) in Srinagar for him which is known asKhankah-i-Andrabia. This became the place of prayer, meditation and preaching for the generations to come.
Early life
He was born toAllama Syed Shams-ud-din Andrabi(860 A.H = 1456 C.E. -932 A.H.= 1526 C.E.)in Srinagar. Mir Mirak Andrabi traced his patrimony through his father, Syed Shams-ud-din, to ‘Imam Zain-ul-Abedein ‘and finally to ‘Imam Ali’. His mother, Syeda Mira Bibi, with twenty three links, reached to ‘Imam Ali’. His year of birth is 921 A.H = 1515 C.E. He lost his parents at a quite young age. He studiedFiqah, Ahadees, HifizandTafseerin his very early boyhood.
Family background
Syed Muslim, a great Sufi, migrated from Arab and settled down in Andarab, Afghanistan. Andrab is the name of a large stream in Afghanistan and it empties into the stream which originates in the Hindu Kush near Khawak Pass and flows to the west for about seventy five miles before merging into the Surkhab.Together the two streams form a long narrow valley. The upper part of that valley is also called Andrab, the lower part alternately as Khinjan or Doshi Both parts of the valley had been united governmentally under a single leader or hakim who resided at Banu.Abdul Habibi, the author of Tarikhi Afghanistan Baad-Auz Islam writes about its origin and the occupation of people. He says “according to Hieun-Sangs version, it was best known by the name of Anth polo also”. Agriculture was the main occupation of people. Andrab has remained the main center of Gold and silver. The people were freedom loving, kind and compassionate. The descendants of Syed Muslim spread over to various parts of sub-continent in order to propagate Islamic teachings. The absolute love of God made them to sacrifice their native land for the purpose of propagation of Islam Andrabis in valley of Kashmir Syed Ahmad Andrabi, (d.A.H.804/A.D, 1401), and his son Syed Mohammad Andrabi, (d.A.H.850/A.D, 1447), came to Kashmir under the duress of Mir Syed Ali Hamdaniduring the reign of Sultan Qutabu’d-Din,775-792.A.H./1373-89.A.D.It was on the spiritual instructions of Mir Syed Ali Hamdani that Syed Ahmad Andrabi and his son stayed in Kashmir and played a major role in the propagation of Islam and that accordingly metamorphosed the destiny of people. Besides they guided and impressed upon the people to follow the path of Shariah. With the missionary zeal and zest they imparted spiritual and religious teachings to the people of Kashmir. Because of their tireless efforts, they did succeed in bringing about a significant and perceptible change in the mindset and life of people in Kashmir. They also influenced the Sultan Qutubu’d-din,775-792.A.H./1373-89.A.D, with their appealing behavior.
Spiritual Training
Syed Mirak belonged to Silsila Owaisi. The Owaisi Sufi’s receive guidance and knowledge through a spiritual connection. Shaykh Mirak Mir spent most of his time in meditation at a Khanqah in Srinagar, known as Khanqah-i-Andrabi. He himself says that he was guided by Khizir and had him in his dreams quite often. He had visions of the prophet Muhammad many times, and in fact was asked to marry and thus follow hisSunahby Prophet Muhammad himself. He then came in contact withSyed Shah Nia’matullah Wali QadriHisari, a well known saint in Qadri Silsila. Syed Mirak accepted Silsilay Qadri from him. Shaykh Syed Mir Mirak Andrabi spent most of his time in meditation at a Khanqah-i-Andrabi in Srinagar, besides spending 12 years meditating at Astarwun(Tral) and then remained in seclusion at Mohalla Naidyar for 12 years. After spending 24 years in meditation, he came back and lived in a small room adjacent to Khankah-i-Andrabia, Malaratta, but preferred a simple life, far away from fame. He was often advised by his relatives,who held important posts under the sultans, to take up a government job after the death of his father, but Mir Mirak Andrabi declined and spent his time in meditation.
Mir Mirak as Propagator of Islamic ideology
Among all the descendants, the noteworthy and prominent was Syed Mir Mirak, d.990.A.H./1582.A.D), Andrabi son of Syed Shamsu’d-din Andrabi,(d.932.A.H./1525.A.D).He was putting up in the Khanqahi Andrabia at Malaratta (Mala Iraqi Hatta) Srinagar.He was the follower of Qadriya Sufi orderand was among the prominent disciple of Syed Nimatullah Shah Qadri (d.990.A.H/1582.A.D), who laid the foundation of Qadriya Sufi order in the valley of Kashmir in the second half of 16 the century during the rule of Chaks, 968-994.A.H/1561-86.A.D. Syed Mir Mirak Andrabi traveled various parts of the valley for the purpose of propagation of Islam. The society has accepted him as their guide to religious path and adviser in all their day today matters. He acted as the true mentor of Kashmiri society, and used to move from place to place with his followers. Mir Mirak lived at a crucial period in Kashmir history because there were social tensions in the society. He himself was strong supporter of Sunni sect. From the Malfuzat it appears that the overall mission of Sheikh was to build up the contemporary Muslim society in Kashmir in accordance with principles of Islamic Shariah.Syed Mir Mirak Andrabi felt that for the acquisition of different types of religious knowledge the teacher should be selected with care. As a good teacher he continued to teach the disciples according to their capacity and prescribed the right path for the spiritual attainments. He compared his task with worldly physicians and said that the medicines might be innumerable, but only a particular medicine is prescribed for a particular disease in accordance with the nature of disease, which is known only to the physicians. The same is the case with the Sufi path, although the forms of devotion are innumerable and all of them are true, the particular disease of the heart of a devotee can be cured only through a particular devotion. He emphasized that the remedies of the sickness of heart are known only to the Prophets, Auliyas, pious persons and the physicians of the faith. Like all spiritual teachers Mir Mirak Andrabi, laid great stress on Namaz. He pleads that it should precede all other acts of devotion. But the key to prayer is purification, which is of three kinds, firstly the clothes and body, secondly of the Nafs, (lower soul), and thirdly of the heart. He who does not purify his body and clothes is, Najs (unclean) according to the, Ahli-Shariah. The other two kinds of purification can be achieved only by the followers on the spiritual path. He held purification as a pre-requisite to prayer, and guided the people and taught them the principles to be followed while praying. The real meaning of prayer, he said can be understood only by arbab-i-qulub, while going to pray one should banish all desires from their minds and purify their hearts with thoughts of God, if they do it then they face the real, Qibla (Mecca). Mir Mirak said that prayer connects the creature with the creator, and it is a medium through which man can approach God. The real meaning of prayer he says is Munajat, Invocation, which is impossible without concentration. He also asserts that fasting is compulsory for every Muslim, whether rich or poor, however the poor are relieved from the obligation of Zakat and Hajj two of the five principles of Islam. All his descendants became the followers of Qadriya Sufi order. They were instrumental in the construction of Mosques, Khanqahs, Bridges, and Sarais for travelers etc. at different places of the valley.
Death and his children
Shaykh Syed Mirak Andrabi was married to the daughter of Syed Abdullah Qummi Rizvi. His children included 6 daughters and 3 sons. He was survived by his three sonsSyed Mohammad Andrabi’963-1023 A.H., ‘Syed Ismaiel (Yousuf) Andrabiand ‘Syed Ahmad Qasim Andrabi’. He died on ‘5th Safar 990 A.H’, 28 February 1582 C.E.,at the age of 69 years and is buried on the southern side of Khankah-i-Andrabia at Mala Iraqi Hatta (Mallaratta),Srinagar. A large number of people became his disciples and derived spiritual benefit from him. Syed Mir Mirak Andrabi had three sons, Syed Mohammad Andrabi, (d.1022.A.H/A.D,1614.A.D), Syed Mohammad Yousuf Andrabi, (d.1028.A.H./A.D,1620A.D), and Syed Qasim Ahmad Andrabi. Syed Mohammad Andrabi played an important role in spreading the Quranic to far off areas of valley and was very popular especially in Gurez and Sopore areas of valley . He is buried in the ancestral graveyard at Malaratta. Syed Mohammad Yousuf Andrabi was second son of Syed Mir Mirak Andrabi. He spent most of his time in Dalgate and was also buried there. The third son Syed Qasim Ahmad Andrabi,(d.1040A.H./1631.A.D) migrated to the adjacent area namely Puchal (Pulwama), and settled down there.
Contemporaries
That era was full of great Scholars and Sufi’s. Some of the great Sufi’s who were Syed’s acquaintances and remained in close touch with him included ‘Shaykh Hamza Makhdoom’and ‘Baba Dawood Khaki’.
Andrabis in valley of Kashmir
Syed Ahmad Andrabi, (d.A.H.804/A.D, 1401), and his son Syed Mohammad Andrabi, (d.A.H.850/A.D, 1447), came to Kashmir under the duress of Mir Syed Ali Hamdani during the reign of Sultan Qutabu’d-Din,775-792.A.H./1373-89.A.D.It was on the spiritual instructions of Mir Syed Ali Hamdani that Syed Ahmad Andrabi and his son stayed in Kashmir and played a major role in the propagation of Islam and that accordingly metamorphosed the destiny of people. Besides they guided and impressed upon the people to follow the path of Shariah. With the missionary zeal and zest they imparted spiritual and religious teachings to the people of Kashmir. Because of their tireless efforts, they did succeed in bringing about a significant and perceptible change in the mindset and life of people in Kashmir. They also influenced the Sultan Qutubu’d-din,775-792.A.H./1373-89.A.D, with their appealing behavior. Acknowledging their role and contribution Sultan built a Khanqah for them at Mala Iraqi Hatta (Malaratta) Srinagar, popularly known by the name ofKhanqahi Andrabia, and also granted the Jagir of Chudran, Weerhar and Auchan in district Pulwama for the maintenance of Khanqah and the followers. The said Khanqah became the centre of Andrabi Syeds, which still occupies its position. Their descendants settled down not only in valley but also at various parts of the world. It was their inner desire to make people understand absolute realities of God. They were not after worldly desires, and it was their selfless love for humanity which equally benefited people here and outside. They succeeded in sowing seeds of fraternity among human beings and under their asylum could understand essence of humanity. These Sufis were simple and kind-hearted and were as impartial as sun, as generous as river and as tolerant as earth. These Sufis had clearly understood philosophy of existentialism and were making people aware at large of this philosophy through their sober and empathetic attitude. The main centers of Andrabi Syeds in and outside valley of Kashmir are Malaratta, Ganderbal, Baramulla,Kupwara,Pulwama, Chadoora, Kulgam, Anantnag.
The Annual commemoration is held at khanqahi Andrabiya Mala Iraqi Hatta (Malaratta) on every 5th of Islamic month of Safar-ul-Muzaffar.
References
*. Wahdatulalujud in Kashmir, India
*. Various Sufi silsilas in Kashmir
*.Qasida-i-Ammiaby Baba Dawood Khaki
*.Tareekh-i- Hassan
*.Tahif-ul- Abrar
Bibliography
*.Manaqib-u-Sadaatby Mufti Sa’adat
*.Zikir Sadaat-i-Andrabiaby Moulana Nabeeh Ahmad Andrabi “Shaheed”.
*.Tareekh-i-Bab-i-Sulaimanby Mir Saad-ul-lah Shahabadi
via – Wikipedia

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